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The "Castelli" hills

The name “Castelli Romani” refers to a group of towns and villages to the south-east of Rome, most of which stand on high ground known since antiquity as the “Colli Albani” (Alban hills). In the 15th century, the villages and towns with their feudal castles became municipalities. This can be considered the birth of the “Castelli Romani”, even though the name had been used by the local people for many years. However, it was only in 1879 that the name “Castelli Romani” became officially recognised.

Nature

From the geological point of view, the “Castelli Romani”, like most of the surrounding area, belongs to a period of volcanic origin known as “Vulcano Laziale”. This was the result of massive volcanic action which took place during the Quaternary Age. There were four periods of eruptions that produced an enormous crater which today forms the rim of the Castelli hills. Two lakes in the area, Lake Nemi and Lake Albano, lie in the craters of extinct volcanoes.
The whole area, known as the Lazio territory of “Castelli Romani e Prenestini”, includes many interesting geographical features, some of which constitute unique natural environments. The wonderful landscape throughout the area is rich in archaeology, history and signs of human occupation, and is well-worth a visit to get to know it better.

Itineraries

Amongst the many interesting tours, we should point out the town of Castelgandolfo, where the Pope has his summer residence; Ariccia, with its huge bridge on three arches spanning a gorge; the cultural charm and culinary delights of Grottaferrata and Rocca di Papa.
Then we should mention the well-known town of Frascati which is famous for its wine. However, all the towns and villages in the Province of Rome are worth visiting: Marino, Albano, Nemi, Ariccia, Genzano, Lanuvio, Velletri, Lariano, Monte Compatri, Monte Porzio Catone, Rocca Priora.
Wherever you go, always wear comfortable shoes and clothes. When you’re with a guide, be sure to follow their instructions carefully. During high summer, it’s advisable to wear dark glasses as well as a hat to avoid the risk of heat-stroke.

 

 

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